Quartz is the second most abundant mineral in the earth's crust.
That's a lot of quartz!
Quartz has many uses and many forms. Apart from is use in jewellery making, quartz has a place in industry and home decoration.
Below we explore some of the most popular - and most beautiful - types of quartz used in jewellery.
The pale pink colour of quartz, which can range from transparent to opaque, is known as rose quartz.
The colour is a very pale and delicate ice pink, the result of titanium and iron impurities in the quartz. Transparent rose quartz is very rare and is usually so pale that it does not show very much colour except in large size pieces.
The translucent and opaque quality of rose quartz is much more available and is used for beads, cabochons (smooth, polished stones), carvings, and architectural purposes.
Some rose quartz contains abundant, tiny, rutile crystals - like needles - that give the stone a star effect when the light shines on it. This is often seen in cabochons used to make pendants.
Dyed quartz is often passed off as rose quartz. Dyed quartz stones are evenly opaque and evenly coloured whereas natural rose quartz has visible inclusions and colour shading.
All our rose quartz jewellery contains natural rose quartz gemstones.
Smoky quartz - also spelled smokey quartz - is a brown transparent quartz that is sometimes used for unusual faceted cuts.
The brown colour is a result of aluminium impurities in the quartz.
The commercial market is limited due to the small demand for brown gemstones.
However, large faceted gems of top quality stones make stunning pieces of jewellery.
Take a look at our smokey quartz pendants where you'll see large smoky quartz gemstones used.
You can often see an amber glint in the smokey quartz stone which adds richness and personality.
This variety was sometimes known as smokey topaz in the past, which is incorrect and misleading, since the mineral variety is quartz, not topaz.
Shop our smokey quartz jewellery.
Lemon quartz has star quality.
The colour is alive and vivid and will add drama to an outfit. The colour varies from light lemon through chartreuse yellow to pale lime green. Always fresh and if you chose a faceted gemstone, always sparkly.
Lemon quartz is readily available in all shapes, cuts and sizes and the larger stones make glamourous jewellery.
We're often asked what is the difference between lemon quartz and citrine?
Both are varieties of quartz. Lemon quartz is irradiated to create a cool, intense citrus shade.
Most commercial citrines are heat treated amethysts and fall into the golden colour range from pale straw to deep cognac. Citrine has a warm tone with reddish overtones. Natural citrines are available but are more expensive than the heat treated variety. For more information, read All About Citrine.
Shop our lemon quartz jewellery.
Rutilated quartz, also known as tourmalinated quartz comes in a black version and a golden version.
The black rutilated quartz has black tourmaline needles suspended in clear crystal quartz. The premium examples of this have completely clear crystal and evenly spaced or eccentric needles.
Similarly with the golden rutilated quartz.
In this latter case the needles are gold and are sometimes referred to as angel hair.